Learn About Gothic Art in Art History, View Famous Artists and Their Art
Giotto, "Nativity", 1305
TheGothic Art Period in art history began
somewhere in Europe circa 1150 to 1200 A.D. and lasted
until about 1440 A.D. Florence. Art to this point had lost it's classical
influence during the Middle Ages due to the invading Goths and Germanic
Tribes around 400 A.D. In some areas of Europe this art period lasted 150 years
and in others three or four hundred.
Famous artists of early Gothic art were Cimabue,
Duccio, Giotto and Simone Martini. One of the first famous paintings of this
period was Cimabue’s "Madonna Enthroned", 1280-90. Until Giotto Italian art was
heavily influenced by Byzantine art due to close proximity with the Byzantine
civilization. As a result Italian artists worked in mosaics, painted murals and
executed panel paintings.
Artists used tempra, an egg based medium when painting altarpieces. The panel
was prepared with a mixture of plaster and glue sometimes reinforced with linen.
To this was added red sizing and gold leaf and on top of this where needed and
undercoating was used before putting down pigment. Many layers of tempra were put
down thinly before the artwork was complete.
Gothic art paintings in the Byzantine
period were flat having no depth. Artists
articulated everything on the same foreground plane with no recession
backward into space beyond the figures themselves. In many cases the
background was rendered in a plain solid gold color with no delineation or
The figures in Byzantine art, opposed to Gothic art, were monumental in size,
very rigid, solid, static,
having no interaction with other figures in the painting showing no
emotion. In some of the famous paintings the figures were outlined with a dark
color so they could be seen easily
from a distance, and almost always the figure looked straight out at the viewer.
Byzantine painting for the most part only used few colors. The art was rich,
decorative and very ornamental.
In art history Famous artists in Gothic art began to make improvements on this style. Figures
became more modeled, realistic, life-like, active, emotional, and interactive
among themselves. Artists attempted to paint their figures occupying space
and in some cases seemed to recede into the background. Artists in the Gothic painters began to pay more
attention to nature and tried painting the world more realistically.
Two artists and their famous paintings during the Gothic period in art history are Duccio, “Christ entering Jerusalem, Maesta Altar, 1308-11 and Cimabue, “Madonna Enthroned”, 1280-90.
To view selected paintings click on the icons
To view particular artists click on their names below
Click on the graphics below to increase graphic sizes. At the same you time can also view an opportunity to purchase a poster or painting reproduction.
To view the poster gallery of Gothic Art click here.
To view and learn about particular artists of this art period, click on the artist names below
Piero Della Francesca
Gentile da Fabriano
Fra Filippo Lippi
Art from the renowned artist Ilina Filipova consisting of rare
Christian art in the field of Byzantine art with crosses, Jesus,
saints, Madonna and angel icons all in her online art gallery.
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